- Groups of pygmy people live near a site where fossils of a short-statured species of hominin called Homo floresiensis were found
- Whether present-day inhabitants are descendants of Homo floresiensis was up for debate
- New DNA analysis shows no ancestral link between current population and Homo floresiensis
- Short stature evolved twice in two separate lineages of hominins on Flores
Given that the Homo floresiensis fossils are physically consistent with Australopithecines and physically inconsistent with both Homo erectus and Homo sapiens, this is not a surprising finding.